For Part 1, 2 A, 2 B and 3. I am only a hobbyist
for history and wetlands research.
Bayou Goula is the Launching Platform for Galvez's Spanish Declaration of War Against the English
Part 2A roll down 30%
An International Cultural Landmark Needing Identification and Legal Protection Preventing Future Development, Newly Discovery "The Fort of Baton Rouge"
Mound where Galvez placed 6 cannons to fire on the British, located near the
Old State Capital Grounds
Two independent drawings for proof of The Fort of Baton Rouge Location
Wild Marshes Will Survive
Roll Down 60 % Part 3
The American Revolutionary War Helper Bernardo De Galvez
African-Americans Native-Americans Texans and Louisianian Militias
Fought with Him in 1779
Spain was the exclusive Revolutionary War Empire with Soldiers and Militias of
African Americans, Native Americans, Canary Islanders, Acadians, and Germans who fought with
Bernardo De Galvez, Spain's Commander, Chief and Marshall.
Also Texas sent 2,000 and later 8,000 heads of beef to Galvez feeding his Troops. Galvez's March was ignited in present day White Castle/Iberville Parish locations centering in Bayou Goula.
A Truth Need Sharing as a Marker Inscription
(2) The Galvez March to Baton Rouge was victorious with almost no injuries/deaths of the English or his troops because African and Native Americans (I call Freedom Fighters) performed the hard work for victory without a massacre. These fighters allowed Galvez and his army to march into the Fort of Baton Rouge essentially without struggle.
Detail References of how the fighters carried out their mission in below links (1).
References for Texas Louisiana cattle drive trail to Bayou Goula
Texas State Historical Association; Goliad, Nacogdoches, Natchitoches, and Opelousas cattle distribution to Gálvez's forces
All Soldiers listing and Heroes of the War.
*Detail listing of soldiers, Page 126.
(1) Colored companies and Indians made noise at night and the British wasted their ammunition, the next morning Galvez easily defeated the British, Page 128.
*Native Americans who fought with Galvez THE ATAKAPA GROUP, a band of 120 from the Mermentou River and a band of 60 from Vermilion village, Page 360 and 361
Recording of the Atakapa Lifestyle
South of White Castle the Atakapa Indians came to Bayou Goula to help in the Revolutionary war.
I used the text to speech earphone for easy listening.
Atakapa Indians are inhabitants of south-east Texas and south Louisiana to the Atchafalaya Basin east side and considered the majority Indian population for this area before the Revolutionary War. They were heroes of the War because 180 traveled with Acadians via Bayou Goula to the Fort of Baton Rouge helping Bernardo De Galvez become victorious over the British in one of the most important battles of the war (1 & 2 above). The below link written by Dr. J. O. Dyer shares an American officer's short stay with the Atakapa in the early 1800s. The Atakapa settling in Louisiana for thousands of years was a tough living and this officer's observations were recorded in graphic details. These graphic details were common among many tribes but the Atakapa were gentle people. They were almost destroyed by northern tribes being the only tribe who sold land to the Louisiana colonies. I needed to repeatedly review the report because it showed how south Louisianans existed as Indian fishermen with many of their livelihood methods.
Native Americans and Free Blacks Flow Chart BGI, A
General Flow Chart BGM
The Galvez March launched from Bayou Goula, Louisiana
Six listings of key circumstantial evidence
showing 2,000 cattle were driven to Bayou Goula
1. Twenty (20) cabins were constructed in Bayou Goula by Galvez but were not settled until after the Galvez March. These cabins were available for slaughtering and storing 2,000 heads of beef.
2. Bayou Goula was the quickest cattle drive location from Texas but not view-able from British Fort Manchac, minimizing concern of British scouts knew about the drive.
3. Canary Islanders were to be settled in the 20 cabins but after his march Galvez settled them in the town of Galvez. Settling them in Bayou Goula was a deflection so the British would not know cattle came to Bayou Goula, minimizing cabin destruction and beef taken by the British, a military strategy. Galvez settled Acadians in Bayou Goula after the war.
4. There is no documentation showing where the 2,000 cattle went on the Mississippi River, another military strategy, the British would not know about the cattle drive location on the Mississippi.
5. Bayou Goula area was identified as Cow Pen in a 1700 map and no other locations are identified as cow pen.
6. Before 1779 Bayou Goula's Daunterive Road (present day August Road) was the major cattle drive route feeding beef to New Orleans and this fenced road was from present day Jack Millers landing to Bayou Goula.
Northeast border of Iberville Parish has Bayou Manchac including Galvestown and
Bayou Gould stream source was Point Pleasant.
New discovery Galvez and the Spanish Declaration of War against the British
Iberville Parish was the launching platform for the Galvez March
In the 1700s Bernardo De Galvez built Saint Bernard Catholic Church in the town of Galvestown in Iberville Parish and it was named after him.
Reference: East Baton Rouge Parish Diocese archives
*Galvez was a godfather and Mrs. Dauterive the godmother in Saint Gabriel Catholic Church, page 239; Three companies were sent from Attakapas and 20 cabins were completed in Bayou Goula page 240; Cattle drives from Attakapas to New Orleans generally took the Dauterive road, page 241.
The Dauterive road went from Jack Millers Landing to Bayou Goula
U. S. Supreme Court records in the 1850s
* US Supreme Court documentation of cabins Galvez built at Bayou Goula
About 40 % down the document.
... The petition further states, that about this time, Galvez, the then Governor of Louisiana, desirous of introducing some Spanish families from the Canary Islands as colonists, and to provide a settlement for them, made contracts with various persons for the construction of small houses, and, among others, with Degruys; who undertook to build a number on the Bayou Goula Concession, and to give up the front on the river to the use of these colonists, with forty arpens in depth; that he built a number of these houses, and delivered them to the Governor, and was paid for them; but not in accordance with the agreement. That the government having become engaged in a war against the province of of West Florida, the Governor changed his purposes in behalf of the Spanish families, and assigned a different location for their accommodation, but subsequently set apart this tract with the cabins erected, to a number of Acadian emigrants, who had been some years previously driven from their ancient possessions in Nova Scotia by the British government...
Bayou Goula * Historical documentation of the Galvez March
Galvez with 6 cannons shooting at Fort Baton Rouge
Cannon ball projectile (air resistance not considered) from mound near the Old State Capital to the new discovered Fort of Baton Rouge year 2019 (a dirt fort) Bernardo de Galvez attacked.
New Discovery, The Fort of Baton Rouge
Location of The Fort of Baton Rouge
Please see a better drawing from Spain above
AKA Fort New Richmond (drawings and official correspondence identifies
the fort as The Fort of Baton Rouge)
Blue text shows overlay of the fort drawing with respect to Fort San Carlos (six star fort). Up stream walkways were matched for location and scaling. Hopefully an organization will overlay these drawings for best accuracy, present overlay accuracy is +/- 20 - 30 ft North to South
Fort boundaries and location west of the River Road
in a parking lot across from Fort San Carlos.
Example marker on the parking lot which can be painted on the
parking lot, excavation will not be needed
Examples marked sign can be located in the area or marking the parking lot identifying the fort location.
Example marked sign.
Possible future chip installed on the sign post for viewing cell phone U Tube drawings and documents.
EXAMPLES: Four poles with the Galvez shield placed on corners of parking lot for viewing boundaries of the fort from it's historical marker east side of the River Road.
Example of a new Historical marker location, Fort re-creation added later
North, South, East and West of America was Galvez's shield of protection for
the 13 States and two Colonies (Louisiana and West Florida)
EXAMPLE: Two marker inscriptions plates side by side or front and rear
Eastern point of Fort San Carlos looking west
Because of newly found Historical evidence East Baton
Rouge Parish library has listed this site in their digital archive
(1) Eighty African Americans and One Hundred Sixty Native Americans fought on the front line in Galvez's march helping the 13 States win the Revolutionary War in an important battle at The Fort of Baton Rouge, page 126-128.
On the 6th of September 1779 about 1.5 miles from Fort Manchac Galvez informed his troops of the declaration of war against the English and they were joyed with patriotism to fight in the American Revolutionary War, bottom of page 126.
This is an evolving research project and major historical changes will have revisions.
Rev. 4, 6/21/19, KJR Added Cattle Trail paths
Existing Historical Marker of Fort San Carlos has the Fort moat dimensions 18-foot wide and nine-foot deep being Historical knowledge and this drawing also has a moat showing it is a true depiction of the Fort.
Expanded "Fort Baton Rouge"
Wild Marshes Will Survive
Diversions with Tidal Pulsing and Mississippi River Pumped Flow
Two additions for Louisiana Coastal Restoration (Open Waters Berms with tide pulsing and Pumped Flow with filtering) which are very expensive but $1 Trillion worth of lost marshes is much more expensive, cost for these additions will be less than 0.2-0.3% of this. Trillions lost is a function of Marsh devastation with 2,500 Square miles of marsh disappearance and will happen for 40 years, also $1 Billion of aquatic life will be lost each year and this is true for almost all marshes along the Mississippi River.
Both additions are necessary because open water berms will send diversion sediment to these waters but marshes will need sediment. Pumped flow will send sediment to marshes and fertilizers/fresh water will return to the river with marshes surviving.
A recent NOLA article indicates diversion flows of Mississippi River should be transported to open waters preventing marsh damaged and this is easily done as shown in SK-BERM but more is needed. The diversions should be tidal pulsed daily for a proper operating system. When tides are receding, diversion should operate at designed flow, then the receding tide will draw water away from marches, i.e. diversion water will not flow towards the marshes. Receding flows are 10 or more times greater than diversion flows because of much larger outlets at the Gulf and is a generator of marsh-to-diversion flow direction. Transition time is needed where diversions are shut off before the end of tide-receding for purging of diversion open waters. When tide height is increasing diversions should remain shut and this prevents diversion waters from entering the marshes. Next diversions are open when tide starts receding. Marshes will have minimum diversion fresh water helping to save aquatic life. This design is called “Tidal Pulsing”.
A second design called “Pumped Flow” is pumped filtering systems sending Mississippi River silt and sand to marshes located close to Southeast Louisiana Bays and the Mississippi River, pumped diversion waters and fertilizes are sent back to the river. Fresh water returning to the river will save aquatic life brackish systems.
Flow Diagram for Sediment Transfer from the Mississippi River to Marshes
Pumped flow, Heavy and light sediment to marshes
Mid-Barataria and Mid-Breton Projects are Major Mississippi River diversions and will wash-away downstream marshes and sixty-three times more nutrients will be sent into marshes as compared to existing known small diversion and plant root system will fail to support these marshes during hurricanes. Small diversions have washed-away marshes from hurricanes, and major systems like these should not be located too far north of Venice because many of their marshes will receive nutrients weakening their root systems keeping them from holding soil.
I have reviewed by phone with CPRA and CORPS experts, 42-square miles of marshes washed-away after the Caernarvon Diversion had delivered nutrients (inorganic phosphorous fertilizers into marshes). CPRA should not proceed with the Mid-Barataria and Brenton-Sound diversions without the open water and tide pulsing addition because the diversions will send sixty-three (63) times more nutrients into marshes as a multiplier of existing small diversion, approximately 2,500 square miles of marshes will be washed away for 40-60 years before they return to the past growth. Reference CPRA information: Fort St. Philips crevasse in 1960 washed away marshes and they are now returning.
Flow Diagram for Sediment Transfer from the Mississippi River to Marshes
River silt transferred to marshes with removed Man-Made Fertilizer and removed
Fresh Water is a concept that will save Louisiana marshes. Silt has attached
clays and is necessary for marsh soil strength and has best holding strength
for hurricanes. The concept will bring heavy sediment and a separate silt
stream to Louisiana marshes using an 8-micron automatic continuous filter to
send most of the water and man-made fertilizer back to the river. See SK-Test
FX2 with river silt selection for growing marsh plants in a few acres or
buckets, then measurement and testing of plant root dimensions/holding strength
and measuring soil strength will provide data for proving the concept is
Today's sediment transfers have very little silt because silt floats in river water but silt is needed for holding marshes together during hurricanes. Diversions deliver silt but man-made fertilizers in the diversions cause marsh wash-away of hundreds of square miles as shown in small existing diversions. Fresh water from large diversions will destroy $Billions worth of oyster beds and man-made fertilizers will destroy $Trillions worth of Louisiana marshes (2,500 square miles) for at least 40 -60 years and this concept will minimize these losses.
I am a graduate engineer from LSU (Instrument/Electrical) with refinery and chemical plant instrument experience, semi-retired and only a hobbyist for the subject.
One (1) or Five (5) Systems along a 30 mile stretch of Mississippi River below New Orleans.
Links to Filter:
1. 2018 The Mississippi River is Our Greatest Force for Building Land
RESTORE THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER DELTA… 5. There is More to Sediment than Sand
Mineral sediment is needed to build and sustain strong marsh soils that can withstand storm surge. Sand dredged from the river bottom can and is being used to restore wetlands, but only dredging this material is not enough. Only around 20 percent of the sediment that the river carries is sand, the rest is silt and clays, which stay in suspension, never settling onto the bottom where it could be sucked up by dredges…
2. 2019 NOLA article on Marsh Wash Away
Mississippi River diversions led to land loss, not growth, study says: Implications are 'obvious' https://www.nola.com/news/environment/article_a1df60ba-c05d-11e9-bf17-d70dd5dd90dc.html?utm_medium=social&utm_source=facebook&utm_campaign=user-share&fbclid=IwAR2a7XpbaBYkI6LWbh7fTdqHWSpO-fwVWCTHzlfX5gnlxS-F9xrOkDwxoEo
3. 2010 Abstract:
…Vegetation in low salinity marshes is subject to shallower rooting and is susceptible to erosion during large magnitude storms; these conditions may be exacerbated by low inorganic sediment content and high nutrient inputs…
Hurricane-induced failure of low salinity wetlands
Nick C. Howes,Duncan M. FitzGerald,Zoe J. Hughes,Ioannis Y. Georgiou,Mark A. Kulp,Michael D. Miner,Jane M. Smith, and John A. Barras PNAS August 10, 2010 107 (32) 14014-14019;
...High concentrations of nutrients carried by the Mississippi and Atchafalaya rivers may also contribute to lower soil strength in areas receiving riverine input. Swarovski et al. (2008) concluded that river water input to freshwater marshes creates a more reducing soil environment, greater degradation of the root mat, and a weaker overall soil that is more susceptible to hurricanes; these observations are mirrored by our freshwater soil strength data in Breton Sound. Greater concentrations of nitrogen and phosphorus may also reduce the need of plant roots to forage deep into the substrate and thereby reduce the extent and depth of their rooting (15), a key factor in soil failure. Furthermore, Darby and Turner (2008) conclude that nitrogen and phosphorous loading increases above ground biomass. If true, this development would enhance wave shear stress due to greater vegetation related roughness lengths, while reducing the belowground soil reinforcement by roots. A number of reasons can be presented to account for differences in rooting depth (or strength) between different species, including stratigraphic or biogeochemical controls, in any site where regions of vegetation have differing rooting depths; however, the conceptual model will hold, and a disparity in soil strength would be expected...
Hurricane-induced failure of low salinity wetlands
Soil Physical properties
…What causes aggregates to form and what holds them together? Clay particles cohere to each other and adhere to larger particles under the conditions that prevail in most soils…
2008 Below- and Aboveground Biomass of Spartina alterniflora: Response to Nutrient Addition in a Louisiana Salt Marsh
… The addition of various combinations of nutrients had a significant affect on the belowground biomass indicating that the addition of P, not N, eased the need for root foraging activity…
ROBERT G. WETZEL, in Limnology (Third Edition), 2001
…Nutrients in World Rivers: From Natural to Contemporary Loads
Nutrients are among the most sensitive river-borne material to human pressures. At the global scale nitrate, ammonia, and dissolved inorganic phosphorus concentrations in rivers are now commonly ranging over 2 orders of magnitude (Table 4), depending on natural control factors and on human pressures (fertilizers, urban and industrial wastes, and atmospheric deposition). It is very difficult to assess background nutrients levels in most of the rivers in the temperate regions, except in small-forested catchments where fertilizer use and wastewater inputs are limited….
… From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Diammonium phosphate (DAP) (chemical formula (NH4)2HPO4, IUPAC name diammonium hydrogen phosphate) is one of a series of water-soluble ammonium phosphate salts that can be produced when ammonia reacts with phosphoric acid. Solid diammonium phosphate shows a dissociation pressure of ammonia as given by the following expression and equation
Video of Automated continuous self-cleaning filter
4. Sonar Level System
Only Hydrocyclone which I could find that can select entire range of silt particle sizes
I have had minor discussions with Process Engineer Harry Ryans, Multotec Canada Business Development Manager, Tel: 778 658 6310, Cell: 778 228 1663, Email: [email protected]
Solids Separation Fundamentals
Page 52 “Staged separation of Hydrocyclones” does not seem to apply for this application?
Video of Operating Hydrocyclone with overflow, feed, and underflow
Small Diameter Hydrocyclone Performance on London Clay - Siltbuster Limited
For latest, my site:
Zero Wash-Away of Marshes in Louisiana (ZWOM)
Roll Down 70 % Part 3
Video of Filter
Automated continuous self-cleaning filter Video
Marsh Improvement Proposal Concept
Mid-Barataria Diversion Project location with added large sediment catch
basin, an example only, typical for diversions except two diversions
near the river delta
Note: Sediment catch basin may not need a concrete floor