For Part 1, 2 A, 2 B and 3. I am only a hobbyist


for history and wetlands research.

Part 1

Bayou Goula is the Launching Platform for Galvez's Spanish Declaration of War Against the English 

Part 2A roll down 30%

An International Cultural Landmark Needing Identification and Legal Protection Preventing Future Development, Newly Discovery "The Fort of Baton Rouge" 

Part 2B

Mound where Galvez placed 6 cannons to fire on the British, located near the 

Old State Capital Grounds 

Part 2C 

Two independent drawings for proof of The Fort of Baton Rouge Location

Wild Marshes Will Survive

Roll Down 60 % Part 3


Part 1

The American Revolutionary War Helper Bernardo De Galvez 

  African-Americans Native-Americans Texans and Louisianian Militias 

Fought with Him in 1779 

 Spain was the exclusive Revolutionary War Empire with Soldiers and Militias of

African Americans, Native Americans, Canary Islanders, Acadians, and Germans who fought with 

Bernardo De Galvez, Spain's Commander, Chief and Marshall. 

Also Texas sent 2,000 and later 8,000 heads of beef to Galvez feeding his Troops. Galvez's March was ignited in present day White Castle/Iberville Parish locations centering in Bayou Goula.

A Truth Need Sharing as a Marker Inscription 

(2) The Galvez March to Baton Rouge was victorious with almost no injuries/deaths of the English or his troops because African and Native Americans (I call Freedom Fighters) performed the hard work for victory without a massacre. These fighters allowed Galvez and his army to march into the Fort of Baton Rouge essentially without struggle. 

Detail References of how the fighters carried out their mission in below links (1)

                References for Texas Louisiana cattle drive trail to Bayou Goula

Texas State Historical Association;  Goliad, Nacogdoches, Natchitoches, and Opelousas cattle distribution to Gálvez's forces


All Soldiers listing and Heroes of the War.

*Detail listing of soldiers, Page 126. 

(1) Colored companies and Indians made noise at night and the British wasted their ammunition, the next morning Galvez easily defeated the British, Page 128.




                                                            Give Thanks 

to the Atakapas Nation for their Patriotic Participation in the Revolutionary War 

Leave comment,  The Atakapas from the Orange Leaders


*Native Americans who fought with Galvez THE ATAKAPA GROUP, a band of 120 from the Mermentou River and a band of 60 from Vermilion village, Page 360 and 361

Indian Tribes of the Lower Mississippi Valley and Adjacent Coast of the Gulf OF Mexico

Atakapa Ishak Nation History

 Recording of the Atakapa Lifestyle

South of White Castle the Atakapa Indians came to Bayou Goula to help in the Revolutionary war. 

 I used the text to speech earphone for easy listening.

Atakapa Indians are inhabitants of south-east Texas and south Louisiana to the Atchafalaya Basin east side and considered the majority Indian population for this area before the Revolutionary War. They were heroes of the War because 180 traveled with Acadians via Bayou Goula to the Fort of Baton Rouge helping Bernardo De Galvez become victorious over the British in one of the most important battles of the war (1 & 2 above). The below link written by Dr. J. O. Dyer shares an American officer's short stay with the Atakapa in the early 1800s. The Atakapa settling in Louisiana for thousands of years was a tough living and this officer's observations were recorded in graphic details. These graphic details were common among many tribes but the Atakapa were gentle people. They were almost destroyed by northern tribes being the only tribe who sold land to the Louisiana colonies. I needed to repeatedly review the report because it showed how south Louisianans existed as Indian fishermen with many of their livelihood methods. 

Historical document showing the lives of Atakapa Indians.  

Mermentou River southwest Louisiana, Google Maps from Morgan City to Mermentou River

Native Americans and Free Blacks Flow Chart BGI, A

General Flow Chart BGM

The Galvez March launched from Bayou Goula, Louisiana

Six listings of key circumstantial evidence

showing 2,000 cattle were driven to Bayou Goula

1. Twenty (20) cabins were constructed in Bayou Goula by Galvez but were not settled until after the Galvez March. These cabins were available for slaughtering and storing 2,000 heads of beef.

2. Bayou Goula was the quickest cattle drive location from Texas but not view-able from British Fort Manchac, minimizing concern of British scouts knew about the drive

3. Canary Islanders were to be settled in the 20 cabins but after his march Galvez settled them in the town of Galvez. Settling them in Bayou Goula was a deflection so the British would not know cattle came to Bayou Goula, minimizing cabin destruction and beef taken by the British, a military strategy. Galvez settled Acadians in Bayou Goula after the war.

4. There is no documentation showing where the 2,000 cattle went on the Mississippi River, another military strategy, the British would not know about the cattle drive location on the Mississippi.  

5. Bayou Goula area was identified as Cow Pen in a 1700 map and no other locations are identified as cow pen.

6. Before 1779 Bayou Goula's Daunterive Road (present day August Road) was the major cattle drive route feeding beef to New Orleans and this fenced road was from present day Jack Millers landing to Bayou Goula.

Northeast border of Iberville Parish has Bayou Manchac including Galvestown and 

Bayou Gould stream source was Point Pleasant.

New discovery Galvez and the Spanish Declaration of War against the British

Iberville Parish was the launching platform for the Galvez March

*The Holy Spirit Bayou (Bayou Tigre) page 28, Galvez built 20 cabins at Bayou Goula before attacking the English at Fort Manchac also troops came from west to Bayou Goula, page 29. 

Galvez and the Catholic Church Iberville Parish

In the 1700s Bernardo De Galvez built Saint Bernard Catholic Church in the town of Galvestown in Iberville Parish and it was named after him.

Reference: East Baton Rouge Parish Diocese archives

*Galvez was a godfather and Mrs. Dauterive the godmother in Saint Gabriel Catholic Church, page 239; Three companies were sent from Attakapas and 20 cabins were completed in Bayou Goula page 240; Cattle drives from Attakapas to New Orleans generally took the Dauterive road, page 241.

Le Raconteur Judy Riffel Volume XXVIII No. 4 December 2008

The Dauterive road went from Jack Millers Landing to Bayou Goula

U. S. Supreme Court records in the 1850s

* US Supreme Court documentation of cabins Galvez built at Bayou Goula

 About 40 % down the document.

... The petition further states, that about this time, Galvez, the then Governor of Louisiana, desirous of introducing some Spanish families from the Canary Islands as colonists, and to provide a settlement for them, made contracts with various persons for the construction of small houses, and, among others, with Degruys; who undertook to build a number on the Bayou Goula Concession, and to give up the front on the river to the use of these colonists, with forty arpens in depth; that he built a number of these houses, and delivered them to the Governor, and was paid for them; but not in accordance with the agreement. That the government having become engaged in a war against the province of of West Florida, the Governor changed his purposes in behalf of the Spanish families, and assigned a different location for their accommodation, but subsequently set apart this tract with the cabins erected, to a number of Acadian emigrants, who had been some years previously driven from their ancient possessions in Nova Scotia by the British government...

Galvez's Bayou Goula Launching Platform Marker with 2,000 Heads


of Beef Stored for feeding the Troops

Google Maps of Bayou Goula


Bayou Goula * Historical documentation of the Galvez March 

Study of the Louisiana cattle drives.

All Things Bayou Pigeon
Blog Pousser Des bêtes, Lost History of the Atchafalaya
By Cliff LeGrange with Stella Carlin Tanoos


                           New Discovery, Mound 

                                  Part 2A

Galvez with 6 cannons shooting at Fort Baton Rouge

Cannon ball projectile (air resistance not considered) from mound near the Old State Capital to the new discovered Fort of Baton Rouge year 2019 (a dirt fort) Bernardo de Galvez attacked.

Part 2B

 New Discovery, The Fort of Baton Rouge

Location of The Fort of Baton Rouge

Please see a better drawing from Spain above

AKA Fort New Richmond (drawings and official correspondence identifies

the fort as The Fort of Baton Rouge)

Blue text shows overlay of the fort drawing with respect to Fort San Carlos (six star fort). Up stream walkways were matched for location and scaling. Hopefully an organization will overlay these drawings for best accuracy, present overlay accuracy is +/- 20 - 30 ft North to South

Fort boundaries and location west of the River Road 

in a parking lot across from Fort San Carlos.

                Example marker on the parking lot which can be painted on the 

parking lot, excavation will not be needed

Two examples

Examples marked sign can be located in the area or marking the parking lot identifying the fort location.

Example marked sign. 

Possible future chip installed on the sign post for viewing cell phone U Tube drawings and documents.

Possible Future 

EXAMPLES: Four poles with the Galvez shield placed on corners of parking lot for viewing boundaries of the fort from it's historical marker east side of the River Road. 

Example of a new Historical marker location, Fort re-creation added later

 North, South, East and West of America was Galvez's shield of protection for 

the 13 States and two Colonies (Louisiana and West Florida)

EXAMPLE: Two marker inscriptions plates side by side or front and rear

Eastern point of Fort San Carlos looking west

Bayou Fort Baton Rouge



Because of newly found Historical evidence East Baton 

Rouge Parish library has listed this site in their digital archive

Please look bottom left of the site for link named: Information about the fort site for the Fort of Baton Rouge ca. 1784.

References and Links

(1) Eighty African Americans and One Hundred Sixty Native Americans fought on the front line in Galvez's march helping the 13 States win the Revolutionary War in an important battle at The Fort of Baton Rouge, page 126-128. 



Added 2019, Bernardo De Galvez Grave and Plaque Inscription Translation, top of link.

Bernardo De Galvez and His works in Iberville Parish and the Americas 

On the 6th of September 1779 about 1.5 miles from Fort Manchac Galvez informed his troops of the declaration of war against the English and they were joyed with patriotism to fight in the American Revolutionary War, bottom of page 126.


I believe The Fort of Baton rouge is an international cultural landmark because it has been identified by the Executive Director (Retired) for the Center for Spanish Colonial Research as deserving International attention. 

This is an evolving research project and major historical changes will have revisions.

Rev. 4, 6/21/19, KJR Added Cattle Trail paths 

Oliver Pollock

Part 2C

Existing Historical Marker of Fort San Carlos has the Fort moat dimensions 18-foot wide and nine-foot deep being Historical knowledge and this drawing also has a moat showing it is a true depiction of the Fort. 

Fort San Carlos Historical Marker

Plan for Fort Baton Rouge 1784, later renamed Fort San Carlos.  
Copied from original map in Spain via LSU 6/5/19

Plan shows a recent discovered small drawing of a fort with the same name (The Fort of Baton Rouge) attacked by Galvez in 1779. It was not recognized in the last two centuries because of it's small size and located at the bottom of a large 8 star fort. The 8 star fort was never built and the fort is the only known fort in the location for 5 years (drawing dated 1784) and should be a fairly accurate representation being an as-built drawing of the fort. In the next drawing I expanded the fort for viewing it's details by overlaying and scaling.

Expanded "Fort Baton Rouge"

                    Drawing shows fort location compared to Fort San Carlos. 

Walkway from the river on the right side of the fort is similar in both drawings.

Part 3


Wild Marshes Will Survive

Diversions with Tidal Pulsing and Mississippi River Pumped Flow

Two additions for Louisiana Coastal Restoration (Open Waters Berms with tide pulsing and Pumped Flow with filtering) which are very expensive but $1 Trillion worth of lost marshes is much more expensive, cost for these additions will be less than 0.2-0.3% of this. Trillions lost is a function of Marsh devastation with 2,500 Square miles of marsh disappearance and will happen for 40 years, also $1 Billion of aquatic life will be lost each year and this is true for almost all marshes along the Mississippi River. 

Both additions are necessary because open water berms will send diversion sediment to these waters but marshes will need sediment. Pumped flow will send sediment to marshes and fertilizers/fresh water will return to the river with marshes surviving.

Tidal Pulsing

A recent NOLA article indicates diversion flows of Mississippi River should be transported to open waters preventing marsh damaged and this is easily done as shown in SK-BERM but more is needed. The diversions should be tidal pulsed daily for a proper operating system. When tides are receding, diversion should operate at designed flow, then the receding tide will draw water away from marches, i.e. diversion water will not flow towards the marshes. Receding flows are 10 or more times greater than diversion flows because of much larger outlets at the Gulf and is a generator of marsh-to-diversion flow direction. Transition time is needed where diversions are shut off before the end of tide-receding for purging of diversion open waters. When tide height is increasing diversions should remain shut and this prevents diversion waters from entering the marshes. Next diversions are open when tide starts receding. Marshes will have minimum diversion fresh water helping to save aquatic life. This design is called “Tidal Pulsing”.

Pumped Flow

A second design called “Pumped Flow” is pumped filtering systems sending Mississippi River silt and sand to marshes located close to Southeast Louisiana Bays and the Mississippi River, pumped diversion waters and fertilizes are sent back to the river. Fresh water returning to the river will save aquatic life brackish systems.

                                                             Tidal Pulsing


Flow Diagram for Sediment Transfer from the Mississippi River to Marshes

Pumped flow, Heavy and light sediment to marshes

Mid-Barataria and Mid-Breton Projects are Major Mississippi River diversions and will wash-away downstream marshes and sixty-three times more nutrients will be sent into marshes as compared to existing known small diversion and plant root system will fail to support these marshes during hurricanes. Small diversions have washed-away marshes from hurricanes, and major systems like these should not be located too far north of Venice because many of their marshes will receive nutrients weakening their root systems keeping them from holding soil.

I have reviewed by phone with CPRA and CORPS experts, 42-square miles of marshes washed-away after the Caernarvon Diversion had delivered nutrients (inorganic phosphorous fertilizers into marshes). CPRA should not proceed with the Mid-Barataria and Brenton-Sound diversions without the open water and tide pulsing addition because the diversions will send sixty-three (63) times more nutrients into marshes as a multiplier of existing small diversion, approximately 2,500 square miles of marshes will be washed away for 40-60 years before they return to the past growth. Reference CPRA information: Fort St. Philips crevasse in 1960 washed away marshes and they are now returning.

Flow Diagram for Sediment Transfer from the Mississippi River to Marshes

Mississippi River silt transferred to marshes with removed Man-Made Fertilizer and removed Fresh Water is a concept that will save Louisiana marshes. Silt has attached clays and is necessary for marsh soil strength and has best holding strength for hurricanes. The concept will bring heavy sediment and a separate silt stream to Louisiana marshes using an 8-micron automatic continuous filter to send most of the water and man-made fertilizer back to the river. See SK-Test FX2 with river silt selection for growing marsh plants in a few acres or buckets, then measurement and testing of plant root dimensions/holding strength and measuring soil strength will provide data for proving the concept is correct.

Today's sediment transfers have very little silt because silt floats in river water but silt is needed for holding marshes together during hurricanes. Diversions deliver silt but man-made fertilizers in the diversions cause marsh wash-away of hundreds of square miles as shown in small existing diversions. Fresh water from large diversions will destroy $Billions worth of oyster beds and man-made fertilizers will destroy $Trillions worth of Louisiana marshes (2,500 square miles) for at least 40 -60 years and this concept will minimize these losses.

I am a graduate engineer from LSU (Instrument/Electrical) with refinery and chemical plant instrument experience, semi-retired and only a hobbyist for the subject.

I am a volunteer and hobbyist for SK-FLOW and SK-TESTFX2.
Process, Mechanical and Instrument drawings should be sized and sealed by a Professional Engineer. Equipment and Instrumentation should be sized, selected and sealed by a Professional Engineer.

One (1) or Five (5) Systems along a 30 mile stretch of Mississippi River below New Orleans.

Test System for growing a few acres of marshes. Plant root strength with holding to soil and soil strength can be tested.


1. 2018 The Mississippi River is Our Greatest Force for Building Land


5. There is More to Sediment than Sand

Mineral sediment is needed to build and sustain strong marsh soils that can withstand storm surge. Sand dredged from the river bottom can and is being used to restore wetlands, but only dredging this material is not enough. Only around 20 percent of the sediment that the river carries is sand, the rest is silt and clays, which stay in suspension, never settling onto the bottom where it could be sucked up by dredges…

2. 2019 NOLA article on Marsh Wash Away

Mississippi River diversions led to land loss, not growth, study says: Implications are 'obvious'

3. 2010 Abstract:

…Vegetation in low salinity marshes is subject to shallower rooting and is susceptible to erosion during large magnitude storms; these conditions may be exacerbated by low inorganic sediment content and high nutrient inputs…


Hurricane-induced failure of low salinity wetlands

Nick C. Howes,Duncan M. FitzGerald,Zoe J. Hughes,Ioannis Y. Georgiou,Mark A. Kulp,Michael D. Miner,Jane M. Smith, and John A. Barras  PNAS  August 10, 2010 107 (32) 14014-14019;

Full Text

...High concentrations of nutrients carried by the Mississippi and Atchafalaya rivers may also contribute to lower soil strength in areas receiving riverine input. Swarovski et al. (2008) concluded that river water input to freshwater marshes creates a more reducing soil environment, greater degradation of the root mat, and a weaker overall soil that is more susceptible to hurricanes; these observations are mirrored by our freshwater soil strength data in Breton Sound. Greater concentrations of nitrogen and phosphorus may also reduce the need of plant roots to forage deep into the substrate and thereby reduce the extent and depth of their rooting (15), a key factor in soil failure. Furthermore, Darby and Turner (2008) conclude that nitrogen and phosphorous loading increases above ground biomass. If true, this development would enhance wave shear stress due to greater vegetation related roughness lengths, while reducing the belowground soil reinforcement by roots. A number of reasons can be presented to account for differences in rooting depth (or strength) between different species, including stratigraphic or biogeochemical controls, in any site where regions of vegetation have differing rooting depths; however, the conceptual model will hold, and a disparity in soil strength would be expected...


Hurricane-induced failure of low salinity wetlands


Soil Physical properties

…What causes aggregates to form and what holds them together? Clay particles cohere to each other and adhere to larger particles under the conditions that prevail in most soils…


2008 Below- and Aboveground Biomass of Spartina alterniflora: Response to Nutrient Addition in a Louisiana Salt Marsh

… The addition of various combinations of nutrients had a significant affect on the belowground biomass indicating that the addition of P, not N, eased the need for root foraging activity…


ROBERT G. WETZEL, in Limnology (Third Edition), 2001

Fluvial Export

Nutrients in World Rivers: From Natural to Contemporary Loads

Nutrients are among the most sensitive river-borne material to human pressures. At the global scale nitrate, ammonia, and dissolved inorganic phosphorus concentrations in rivers are now commonly ranging over 2 orders of magnitude (Table 4), depending on natural control factors and on human pressures (fertilizers, urban and industrial wastes, and atmospheric deposition). It is very difficult to assess background nutrients levels in most of the rivers in the temperate regions, except in small-forested catchments where fertilizer use and wastewater inputs are limited….

Diammonium phosphate

… From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Diammonium phosphate (DAP) (chemical formula (NH4)2HPO4, IUPAC name diammonium hydrogen phosphate) is one of a series of water-soluble ammonium phosphate salts that can be produced when ammonia reacts with phosphoric acid. Solid diammonium phosphate shows a dissociation pressure of ammonia as given by the following expression and equation[2]

Video of Automated continuous self-cleaning filter

Coriolis meter

4. Sonar Level System

5. Hydrocyclones

Only Hydrocyclone which I could find that can select entire range of silt particle sizes

I have had minor discussions with Process Engineer Harry Ryans, Multotec Canada Business Development Manager, Tel: 778 658 6310, Cell: 778 228 1663, Email: [email protected]

Solids Separation Fundamentals

Page 52 “Staged separation of Hydrocyclones” does not seem to apply for this application?

Video of Operating Hydrocyclone with overflow, feed, and underflow

Small Diameter Hydrocyclone Performance on London Clay - Siltbuster Limited

For latest, my site:

Zero Wash-Away of Marshes in Louisiana (ZWOM)

Roll Down 70 % Part 3

Kenneth Ramagost

[email protected]

Ph. 225-716-2854

Video of Filter

Automated continuous self-cleaning filter Video

Coriolis meter


Marsh Improvement Proposal Concept

Mid-Barataria Diversion Project location with added large sediment catch 

basin, an example only, typical for diversions except two diversions 

near the river delta 

Note: Sediment catch basin may not need a concrete floor