Fort Baton Rouge

A Revolutionary War Fort, Battlefields and Staging Operations

Theater of Operations for the United States Revolutionary War based on the Spanish Declaration of War against the British. Below Texas and Louisiana Map should become a National Park 

Also Four New Discoveries Included


Please see Part 1 Bayou Goula in blue about 50% down for a Sign of the 

Military Staging Location

Below information and sketches are free for articles and education 

and please share any corrections  My Contact information

Copyright Kenneth Ramagost 1/2022

Louisiana Tourist Department Approved 

Fort Baton Rouge Historical Marker Script 

Please share this site with friends, Facebook and reference it:

A great way for the United States to understand of the Galvez March.

I am looking for an author to write an article about Bernardo De Galvez discoveries year 20019 of the 

Fort Baton Rouge march. Please reference my site and all information is free for use. 

My Contact information site:

I want to thank Cliff LeGrange for showing parts of my below summary 

for a book published 2019 and shown on his  site
By Cliff LeGrange with Stella Carlin Tanoos

Please roll down 3/4 of the way


Bernardo De Galvez's American spirit will recovery?

America’s correct response about Spain concerning the Revolutionary War has removed Bernardo De Galvez's American spirit from his place in history for 200 years and it may never recover. 

Galvez's American Spirit and first victory of Fort Baton Rouge, discovered 200 years later, needs a re-discovered spirit 200 years later or the fort-victory.

This spirit removal happened because the United States has shown concern for Spain’s lack of response in helping the war effort and I agree. Spain would not accept the newly formed United States but France did, why? Spain didn't want involvement in a war because their suffering from a 7-year war with the British had a large impact. US sent officials to Spain asking for recognition but Spain refused because of past suffering. Galvez helped write the Treaty of Paris ending the Revolutionary War and surrounded the US with protection but the US rightfully did not like Spain’s response and Spain was shown in a bad-light. Also, Galvez incorrectly inherited this bad-light, not necessarily in written-word but the US has mostly ignored Galvez’s help and the American Spirit of Galvez was removed. Historians are now trying to show the truth about Galvez but damage was already done and, as mentioned, his image may never recover. 

Could his image recover if Elected Officials and more Historians share Galvez’s commitment to the US? Yes, and a good example, the Smithian Magazine wrote an article showing Galvez in a good-light but this one article with others has failed at waking the US.

The Little-Remembered Ally Who Helped America Win the Revolution War

Letter from Bernardo De Galvez to the King of Spain

one month after the Battle of Baton Rouge

See SAR  A Tribute To Charles Robert Churchill 
Below links are pdf's of Churchill’s book SAR Spanish Records, Spanish-English War, 

1779-1783 six parts document page 82 - 96 and is  Part 6
More research is needed in the Mississippi River area above Baton Rouge and below White Castle, Louisiana

For meetings, lectures or debates please call 225-716-2854 

                                                                                            Kenneth Jude Ramagost 

The Galvez March to Baton Rouge was victorious with almost no injuries/deaths of the English or his troops because Free Blacks and Native Americans (I call Freedom Fighters) performed the hard work for victory without a massacre. These fighters allowed Galvez and his army to march into the Fort of Baton Rouge essentially without struggle. 

Detail References of how the fighters carried out their mission in below links (1). 

Give Thanks to the African Americans (free blacks) and Indians for their Patriotic Participation in the Revolutionary War 

(1) Eighty Free Blacks and one Hundred Twenty Attakapas Indians and  fought on the front line in Galvez's march helping the 13 States win the Revolutionary War in an important battle at Fort Baton Rouge, page 126-128...


One Hundred Sixty Choctaw and other Indian Tribes from East and West of the Mississippi River arrived from south of Bayou Goula and New Orleans.

Historical Marker Location

Display Poster 

Fort Baton Rouge does not exist on the Internet and 

Wikipedia should change its site from Fort New Richmond 

to Fort Baton Rouge AKA Fort New Richmond

Changes given to Wikipedia:

Searched the internet and Fort Baton Rouge does not exist. Wikipedia should change its site from Fort New Richmond to Fort Baton Rouge AKA Fort New Richmond. Fort New Richmond is only hearsay with no official documented backup


Official drawings with title Fort Baton Rouge: Plan of Fort Baton Rouge

CORPS naming this fort, Fort Baton Rouge. See next page past page 32, 4. Site of Fort Baton Rouge. Because the 2nd Continental Congress Congressional agent Oliver Pollock and 10 other agents fought with Galvez at this fort it is a United States Army Fort and the CORPS named it Fort Baton Rouge. 

Site of Fort Baton Rouge, Down By the River History of the Baton Rouge River Front, US Army Corps of Engineers New Orleans District

Pages 16 and 17 show the British and Spanish fort are in Baton Rouge by Powell A. Casey (Author) Encyclopedia of Forts, Posts Named Camps, Camps and Military Installation Hardcover – June 1, 1983

Powell showing this is a Fort of Baton Rouge IOW Fort Baton Rouge AKA Fort New Richmond.,_Powell_A.jpg — Preceding unsigned comment added by Kenn321 (talk • contribs) 17:05, 28 November 2021 (UTC)

Please see picture of an Historical Marker stating the fort's name is Fort Baton Rouge approved 2021 by Louisiana and LSU:

Also see My site: 

Publications showing the Bernardo De Galvez Mississippi River March

also Revolutionary War Battlefield was at mainly three locations in the 

Baton Rouge Area 


Page 128, has a triangle of woods pointing to the fort and Galvez was behind this garden (triangle of woods)

Mound Down by the River. US Army Corps of Engineers New Orleans District 1998

Page four (4) shows the Mound Down by the River. This mound is about 1,000 yards south of Fort Baton Rouge where Galvez placed a battery of cannons near the Old State Capital.

Landmarks and Monuments of Baton Rouge a History of the Baton Rouge River Front.

#2 Drawing shows the mound is west of the Old State Capital at the Galvez Plaza.

Fort Baton Rouge was an important Revolutionary War Fort and lost for 250 years because it wasn’t noticed as a dot on a plan drawing also a different scaled drawing was not investigated until recently.

Fort Baton Rouge size determinization was accomplished by using a dirt walkway from the Mississippi River to the fort and it matched a, later built, different fort’s walkway. The different fort, of which it's walls were reconstructed and its size known, gave dimensional information for Fort Baton Rouge. I.e. Matching the curved walkways forced correct sizing and location of Fort Baton Rouge.

Louisiana head archeologist agreed this was a new discovery of Fort Baton Rouge but an artifact or the fort’s moat needed to be found by way of excavation or sonic detection of the moat, a marker can them show the fort laid there. One of the largest sonic companies in the world said they could find the moat with very strong detection (used by oil companies) but there was no money for either method and this prevented stating Fort Baton Rouge laid there. On 10/2020 another drawing (scaled) was discovered then Fort Baton Rouge was located by two independent methods but still cannot state the fort laid there until an artifact is found.

The battle features of an orchard and Indian mound shown below on scaled drawing number 2 had an accurate opening allowing viewing of the fort and cannons that were fired through the orchard from the mound. Cannons were successfully fired on the fort and how this happen? General Bernardo De Galvez cut an opening in the orchard for viewing and firing, he planted the orchard for a future battle or was this a coincidence?

Bayou Goula was the Launching (staging) Platform for the Galvez March but there is no historical information showing he used this village and did he hide this information? About 1/3 way down this document I share seven listings, circumstantial evidence, 2,000 heads of beef were driven from Texas to Bayou Goula feeding Galvez's troops for the first attack of Fort Baton Rouge and totaling 10,000 sent over time, this was the first cattle drive of Texas.


New Discovery in 2019 "Fort Baton Rouge"


a Revolutionary War Fort and other new discoveries

Drawing number 1 and 2 independently show Fort Baton Rouge location and because I am a hobbyist on this subject, my dimensional sketches should be professionally verified

Below information is limited, please see my book for all information

Drawing Number 1

1784 future plan of Eight (8) star fort copied from original drawing in Spain 

This plan also shows a small drawing of a different fort that was Fort Baton Rouge attacked by Bernardo De Galvez in 1779. It may not have been recognized during the last few centuries because of it's small size and located at the bottom of an 8 star fort which was never built. It was the only known fort in the location for 5 years (drawing dated 1784) and being as-built should be accurately represented. Please see expanded view in the next few sketches with overlaying and location/dimension determination.

Expanded "Fort Baton Rouge" showing the moat

Moat and overlay of drawings (rotated 90 Deg.) 

Also known as Fort New Richmond but drawings and 

official correspondence identifies it as Fort Baton Rouge

Blue text shows overlay of Fort Baton Rouge drawing with Fort San Carlos drawing.

Down stream walkways were matched for location and sizing. Hopefully an organization 

will overlay these drawings for best accuracy, present overlay accuracy is +/- 20 Ft North to South

Fort Baton Rouge location 

Fort boundaries and location west of the River Road across from Fort San Carlos.

                   Fort Baton Rouge location compared to Fort San Carlos. 

Walkway from the river on the right side of the forts are similar in both drawings.

Fort Baton Rouge Conceptual DWG

Fort Baton Rouge Location

Fort Baton Rouge plan. Grave par Tardieu l'aine. PL. 35. Author: Collot, George Henri Victor; Tardieu, P.F.

Drawing Number 2 

View Opening of Orchard to Fort Baton Rouge

Scaled drawing with two points of a straight line intersecting at Fort Baton Rouge parking lot location

The two points are Hillock Mound and Opening in-between the Orchard trees

Focused Fort Baton Rouge location

Focused orchard

Focused Hillock Mound

Expanded view of scaling, One Fathom = 2 yards

A 6-star fort was believed to be an actual drawing of

 Fort Baton Rouge but is an Icon as described in the below sketch

Galvez approach to the Mound for firing a battery of cannons

Expanded view of C-cultivated Land (Orchard) and G-Hillock (Mound)

Triangle of the Orchard Woods pointing to Fort Baton Rouge

Louisiana Head Archeologist Statement on 

Fort Baton Rouge

Below is response from Louisiana State Head Archeologist when only drawing number 1 was known  as of April 8,2019

An excavation would be needed to state Fort Baton Rouge lays there but an 

Historical Marker can state Fort Baton Rouge location is there (across the river 

road from this marker), this is because Drawing number 1 and 2 are 

independent dimensional drawings showing location.


Drawing and References for Historical Marker

1. Future Plan of 8-star Fort 1784, LSU library copy from Spain year 2019, LSU # 31732 (Drawing number 1 my site)

2. Plan of Fort Baton Rouge. Grave par Tardieu l'aine. PL. 35. Author: Collot, George Henri Victor; Tardieu, P.F. Date: 1796

(Drawing number 2 my site)

3. Moat as shown on the Future Plan of 8-star Fort 1784, LSU library copy from Spain year 2019, LSU # 31732

4. The Mound: Landmarks and Monuments of Baton Rouge - Google Books

DOWN BY THE RIVER, By Ralph Draughon, Jr. R. Christopher Goodwin & Associates, Inc. 1998, Page 4 for the Mound

Down by the River, US Army Corps of Engineers New Orleans District. 

A History of the Baton Rouge River Front. 

5. The orchard: Landmarks and Monuments of Baton Rouge, Hilda S. Krousel, 2012, (no page numbers but link has orchard page)

Orchard, Galvez viewed through and fired at Fort Baton Rouge

6. History of Louisiana The Spanish Domination, Charles Gayarre, 1854, Siege of Baton Rouge, page 128 & 129

7. List of largest empires

(1) Eighty African Americans and One Hundred Sixty Native Americans fought on the front line in Galvez's march helping the 13 States win the Revolutionary War in an important battle at The Fort of Baton Rouge, page 126-128. 


Free Blacks and Native Americans 

A Truth Need Sharing as a Marker Inscription 

(2) The Galvez March to Baton Rouge was victorious with almost no injuries/deaths of the English or his troops because Free Blacks and Native Americans (I call Freedom Fighters) performed the hard work for victory without a massacre. These fighters allowed Galvez and his army to march into the Fort of Baton Rouge essentially without struggle. 

Detail References of how the fighters carried out their mission in below links (1)

                References for Texas Louisiana cattle drive trail to Bayou Goula

Texas State Historical Association;  Goliad, Nacogdoches, Natchitoches, and Opelousas cattle distribution to Gálvez's forces


All Soldiers listing and Heroes of the War.

*Detail listing of soldiers, Page 126. 

(1) Colored companies and Indians made noise at night and the British wasted their ammunition, the next morning Galvez easily defeated the British, Page 128.



*Native Americans who fought with Galvez THE ATAKAPA GROUP, a band of 120 from the Mermentou River and a band of 60 from Vermilion village, Page 360 and 361

Indian Tribes of the Lower Mississippi Valley and Adjacent Coast of the Gulf OF Mexico

Atakapa Ishak Nation History

 Recording of the Atakapa Lifestyle

South of White Castle the Atakapa Indians came to Bayou Goula to help in the Revolutionary war. 

 I used the text to speech earphone for easy listening.

Atakapa Indians are inhabitants of south-east Texas and south Louisiana to the Atchafalaya Basin east side and considered the majority Indian population for this area before the Revolutionary War. They were heroes of the War because 180 traveled with Acadians via Bayou Goula to the Fort of Baton Rouge helping Bernardo De Galvez become victorious over the British in one of the most important battles of the war (1 & 2 above). The below link written by Dr. J. O. Dyer shares an American officer's short stay with the Atakapa in the early 1800s. The Atakapa settling in Louisiana for thousands of years was a tough living and this officer's observations were recorded in graphic details. These graphic details were common among many tribes but the Atakapa were gentle people. They were almost destroyed by northern tribes being the only tribe who sold land to the Louisiana colonies. I needed to repeatedly review the report because it showed how south Louisianans existed as Indian fishermen with many of their livelihood methods. 

Historical document showing the lives of Atakapa Indians. 

Mermentou River southwest Louisiana, Google Maps from Morgan City to Mermentou River

Other listings

For Part 1, 2 A, 2 B and 3. I am only a hobbyist for history and wetlands research.

Part 1 Bayou Goula is the Launching Platform for Galvez's Spanish Declaration of War Against the English 

Part 2A An International Cultural Landmark Needing Identification and Legal Protection Preventing Future Development, Newly Discovery "Fort Baton Rouge"

Part 2B Mound where Galvez placed 6 cannons to fire on the British, located near

the Old State Capital Grounds 

Other than the Galvez March

Part 3 Wild Marshes Will Survive

The Revolutionary War in Louisiana, Other Research and Locations

The American Revolutionary War Helper Bernardo De Galvez 

  African-Americans Native-Americans Texans and Louisianian Militias 

Fought with Him in 1779 

 Spain was the exclusive Revolutionary War Empire with Soldiers and Militias of

African Americans, Native Americans, Canary Islanders, Acadians, and Germans who fought with 

Bernardo De Galvez, Spain's Commander, Chief and Marshall. 

Also Texas sent 2,000 and later 8,000 heads of beef to Galvez feeding his Troops. Galvez's March was ignited in present day White Castle/Iberville Parish locations centering in Bayou Goula.

Bayou Goula 

Military Staging location for attacking the British 

at Fort Baton Rouge.

Bayou Goula Historical Sign general location

Below information and sketches are free for construction,

 articles and education, please share any corrections  

My Contact information

Bayou Goula Sign

I will develop preliminary script, flow chart and video for State review 

and, as needed, assist in any other matters, a professional speaker

 should be used for final videos.

If sign manufacturers are needed some examples:

Cast Bronze Plaque

Flag separation may be wider than sign and see sign example further down.

EXAMPLE Art sign with picture and script

Preliminary page scripts 

Page 1

Bayou Goula was the Military Staging location for the Bernardo De Galvez Revolutionary War March in Louisiana. Texans, one hundred eighty Atakapas Native Americans and about five hundred Acadians came from west of the Atchafalaya River meeting Galvez here and six hundred seventy Troops, Bayou Goula Native Americans, two hundred Choctaw Native Americans, Spaniards, Free Blacks, Canary Islanders, Acadians, Germans, and other cultures came from the Mississippi River areas including New Orleans to gather with Galvez at this location

Page 2

Two thousand heads of beef from Texas being the first Texas cattle drive, came to Bayou Goula providing food for Galvez Troops and later ten thousand heads of beef were supplied by Texas for the entire Galvez war effort. Galvez built 20 cabins here for $100 each to house Canary Islanders but no one lived in them during the war, they were used to store the beef?

Page 3

Galvez and Oliver Pollock (Continental Congress Agent) attacked the British at Fort Baton Rouge including the entire Mississippi River area towards the United States Northern Territories (five States bordering the Great lakes). They were victorious over the British at Fort Baton Rouge all up the Mississippi

Page 4

George Washington recognized Galvez’s victories as a deciding factor in the outcome of the Revolutionary War and in 2014 Congress recognized Galvez for his help in the War effort. His portrait was displayed in the Congressional Senate Foreign Relations Committee Room

Galvez March to Bayou Goula Theme Song 

Holy Cow OR  A different version

Reasoning for the song, the cows actually destroyed the British by feeding

 Galvez's troops. In total 10,000 heads of beef were sent to Galvez during the war.

 The British had a Holy Cow experience! 

Example of cattle drive sign 

Below picture is from: The Study of the Louisiana cattle drives.
By Cliff LeGrange with Stella Carlin Tanoos

Plan for Bayou Goula Sign Location

Bayou Tigre location should have an Historical Sign because of its 

historical  significance, also a plaque placed at the Marker

location for recognition

Bayou Goula Sign with utilities Example



Military Staging of The Galvez March

from Bayou Goula, Louisiana

 Free Blacks and Louisiana Native Americans 

Flow Chart BGI, A

Galvez's Bayou Goula Staging Platform Marker with 2,000 Heads


of Beef Stored, feeding the Troops

Google Maps of Bayou Goula

Bayou Goula General Flow Chart BGM

Eight listings of key circumstantial evidence

showing 2,000 cattle were driven to Bayou Goula

1. Twenty (20) cabins were constructed in Bayou Goula by Galvez but were not settled until after the Galvez March. These cabins were available for slaughtering and storing 2,000 heads of beef.

2. Bayou Goula was the quickest cattle drive location from Texas but not view-able from British Fort Manchac, minimizing concern of British scouts knew about the drive. 

3. Canary Islanders were to be settled in the 20 cabins but after his march Galvez settled them in the town of Galvez. Settling them in Bayou Goula was a deflection so the British would not know cattle came to Bayou Goula, minimizing cabin destruction and beef taken by the British, a military strategy. Galvez settled Acadians in Bayou Goula after the war.

4. There is no documentation showing where the 2,000 cattle went on the Mississippi River, another military strategy, the British would not know about the cattle drive location on the Mississippi.  

5. Bayou Goula area was identified as Cow Pen in a 1700 map and no other locations are identified as cow pen.

6. Before 1779 Bayou Goula's Daunterive Road (present day August Road) was the major cattle drive route feeding beef to New Orleans and this fenced road was from present day Jack Millers landing to Bayou Goula. 

7. Mr. and Mrs. Dauterive owned the lower part of what is now Iberville Parish (….) and also westward past the Atchafalaya River being Acadiana. Galvez was the Godfather and Mrs. Dauterive Godmother in an Iberville Parish Church on Mississippi River east bank. Also, Galvez paid for and was allowed by the Dauterive’s to build 20 cabins in Bayou Goula during the time of attack on Fort Baton Rouge.

8. SAR recommended reviewing with DAR the cattle drive for the American Revolution and DAR believes the drive went to Bayou Goula also mentioned there is no known documentation of where cattle reached the Mississippi River and one would need to go to Spain finding documentation if existed. I suspect Galvez kept this hid as a war strategy.

Bayou Goula * Historical documentation of the Galvez March 

*The Holy Spirit Bayou (Bayou Tigre) page 28, Galvez built 20 cabins at Bayou Goula before attacking the English at Fort Manchac also troops came from west to Bayou Goula, page 29. 

Galvez and the Catholic Church Iberville Parish

In the 1700s Bernardo De Galvez built Saint Bernard Catholic Church in the town of Galvestown in Iberville Parish and it was named after him.

Reference: East Baton Rouge Parish Diocese archives

*Galvez was a godfather and Mrs. Dauterive the godmother in Saint Gabriel Catholic Church, page 239; Three companies were sent from Attakapas and 20 cabins were completed in Bayou Goula page 240; Cattle drives from Attakapas to New Orleans generally took the Dauterive road, page 241.

Le Raconteur Judy Riffel Volume XXVIII No. 4 December 2008

The Dauterive road went from Jack Millers Landing to Bayou Goula

U. S. Supreme Court records in the 1850s

* US Supreme Court documentation of cabins Galvez built at Bayou Goula

 About 40 % down the document.

... The petition further states, that about this time, Galvez, the then Governor of Louisiana, desirous of introducing some Spanish families from the Canary Islands as colonists, and to provide a settlement for them, made contracts with various persons for the construction of small houses, and, among others, with Degruys; who undertook to build a number on the Bayou Goula Concession, and to give up the front on the river to the use of these colonists, with forty arpens in depth; that he built a number of these houses, and delivered them to the Governor, and was paid for them; but not in accordance with the agreement. That the government having become engaged in a war against the province of of West Florida, the Governor changed his purposes in behalf of the Spanish families, and assigned a different location for their accommodation, but subsequently set apart this tract with the cabins erected, to a number of Acadian emigrants, who had been some years previously driven from their ancient possessions in Nova Scotia by the British government...

Iberville Parish was the launching platform for the Galvez March

Northeast border of Iberville Parish has Bayou Manchac including Galvestown and 

Bayou Gould stream source was Point Pleasant.

End of Bayou Goula Military Staging

New discovery Galvez and the Spanish Declaration of War against the British

Survey of Bayou Manchac


                           New Discovery, Mound behind the Old State Capital 
                                                               Part 2B

Galvez with 6 cannons firing at Fort Baton Rouge from behind the Old State Capital

The Old State Capital, an Indian Mound and Fort Baton Rouge are International Historical Culture Landmarks because of an important victory Bernardo De Galvez won over the British in the Revolutionary War. In 1779 Galvez marched the Mississippi River banks to the Old State Capital bluff and His troops with six cannons climbed up to an Indian Mound behind the Capital and fired at the British in Fort Baton Rouge 1,000 yards North defeating the British. The Capital resembles a castle identifying the only empire in the Revolutionary War being Spain’s castles. Built nearly 100 years after the war, it should have an official name State Capital Castle representing the Patriots who lost their lives in the Revolutionary War.

An International Historical Cultural Landmark The Battle of Baton Rouge in the Revolutionary War

Probable Galvez March Path to the Mound

Cannon ball projectile (air resistance not considered) from mound near the Old State Capital to the new discovered Fort of Baton Rouge (year 2019) Bernardo de Galvez attacked.

Possible future chip installed on the sign post for viewing cell phone U Tube drawings and documents.


Four poles with the Galvez shield placed on corners of parking lot for viewing boundaries of the fort from it's historical marker east side of the River Road. 

New Historical marker location, Fort re-creation added later

 North, South, East and West of America was Galvez's shield of protection for 

the 13 States and two Colonies (Louisiana and West Florida)

Marker inscription 

Eastern point of Fort San Carlos looking west

Bayou Fort Baton Rouge


Please look bottom left of the site for link named: Information about the fort site for the Fort of Baton Rouge ca. 1784.



Because of newly found Historical evidence East Baton 

Rouge Parish library has listed this site in their digital archive

Added 2019, Bernardo De Galvez Grave and Plaque Inscription Translation, second from top of link.

Bernardo De Galvez and His works in Iberville Parish and the Americas 

On the 6th of September 1779 about 1.5 miles from Fort Manchac Galvez informed his troops of the declaration of war against the English and they were joyed with patriotism to fight in the American Revolutionary War, bottom of page 126.


I believe Fort Baton Rouge is an international cultural landmark because it has been identified by the Executive Director (Retired) for the Center of Spanish Colonial Research as deserving International attention. 

This is an evolving research project and major historical changes will have revisions.

Rev. 4, 6/21/19, KJR Added Cattle Trail paths 

Oliver Pollock

Views of Oliver Pollock Sculpture with rotation but may want as is

Added Inscription Plate 

Existing Historical Marker of Fort San Carlos has the Fort moat dimensions 18-foot wide and nine-foot deep being Historical knowledge and this drawing also has a moat showing it is a true depiction of the Fort. 

Fort San Carlos Historical Marker

Other sites

Synopsis of Official Spanish Correspondence Pertaining to Relations with the Uchiz Indians, 1771-1783.

Official Spanish Correspondence Pertaining to Relations with the Uchiz Indians: Section 3 Letters from August 1779 – July 1783


Bernardo de Gálvez: Celebrating Hispanic Heritage with The Historic New Orleans Collection

The Fort of Baton Rouge: An Essential Part of the American Revolutionary War

Handbook of Texas Gálvez

Bernardo de (1746–1786) o By: Robert H. Thonhoff


Spanish Presence in the Americas' Roots
Co-chair: Judge Edward Butler and Mimi Lozano

End of Galvez Documentation


Part 3



Wild Marshes Will Survive

Diversions with Tidal Pulsing, Field

 Controls and/or

Mississippi River Pumped Flow

Information sent to Restore the Mississippi River Delta for 

Tidal Pulsing of Diversions. 

All information is free for public or article/news publication , KJR 5/23/2022

 PH 225-716-2854.



Because Texas, Louisiana, and Mississippi have shrimping and fishing in the Gulf of Mexico with life coming from Louisiana’s Barataria Bay as nursing grounds, I am asking for National oversight of the Barataria Bay Diversion Project. US wildlife & Fisheries in Collaboration with EPA and Louisiana Wildlife & Fisheries is needed for Barataria Bay Diversion variable limits. CPRA and GCRC are fighting over wildlife destruction in Barataria Bay Louisiana.

EPA needs to generate rules for the diversion such as Barataria Bay water temperature, turbidity, and conductivity limits at marshes. These variables can be measured at 4+ locations. They need oversite in terms of computer recorded time lines for open and close diversions, salinity, turbidity and temperatures at all monitoring locations. This data will need to be visible to the public with enforcement.

I am from Louisiana and a massive wildlife removal will happen in the largest estuary in the United States. This estuary has different brackish waters for fish, shrimp, and oysters and within a few years the estuary (Barataria Bay) will be flooded by a Mississippi River diversion 75,000 CFS (1/3 of river rivers flow) with fresh waters changing it from brackish to a fresh water estuary. 

I have a concept to minimize killing brackish wildlife when the diversion is operating, it is called "A compromise between Coastal Protection Restore Authority (CPRA) and Gulf Coast Resource Coalition (GCRC)".

                                                                           Details of the compromise

This concept will minimize shrimp and seafood life trying to survive at low temperature water when the diversion is operating by drawing diverted water when tide is dropping and closing the diversion when tide is rising. When the tide is dropping, diversion water will be pulled into the center of Barataria Bay and marshes on the edges of the bay will flow toward the center Barataria Bay. When the tide is rising a closed diversion will allow Gulf water to enter the Bay with filling it with warmer water and shrimp will nurse in the warmer marshes. Also, seafood life will survive better in this environment and salinity of the marshes will be greater than if not using this Tidal Pulsing.

Please see linked sketches and references at my site 90 Percent down for tidal pulsing minimizing Mississippi River nutrient rich water from entering the marshes thus minimize short marsh roots growth. The sketches also have a control system to automatically start closing the diversion if high turbidity, low conductivity water start entering the marshes at 4+ locations and also temperature measurement can be added to the controls to start closing the diversion if too cold water enters the marshes.


Kenneth Ramagost


Gulf Coast Resource Coalition 0:05/24:45 GCRC FINALIZED PRESENTATION Video

Pros and Cons Of Lower Mississippi River Freshwater Diversion Projects

USA Wildlife and Fisheries

Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority Mid-Barataria Sediment Diversion

Contacts Louisiana wildlife & Fisheries:


‘Mid-Barataria Sediment Diversion Draft Restoration Plan 3.2 and Environmental Impact Statement

Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority 225-342-7308 [email protected]

Gulf Coast Resource Coalition

New Orleans CORPS

Google maps of Barataria Bay

Below low cost field controls added for fine tuning, over and above 

Tidal Pulsing, preventing fertilizers from entering marshes

Two additions for Louisiana Coastal Restoration (Open Waters Berms with tide pulsing and Pumped Flow with filtering) which are very expensive but $1 Trillion worth of lost marshes is much more expensive, cost for these additions will be less than 0.2-0.3% of this. Trillions lost is a function of Marsh devastation with 2,500 Square miles of marsh disappearance and will happen for 40 years, also $1 Billion of aquatic life will be lost each year and this is true for almost all marshes along the Mississippi River. 

Both additions are necessary because open water berms will send diversion sediment to these waters but marshes will need sediment. Pumped flow will send sediment to marshes and fertilizers/fresh water will return to the river with marshes surviving.

Tidal Pulsing

A recent NOLA article indicates diversion flows of Mississippi River should be transported to open waters preventing marsh damaged and this is easily done as shown in SK-BERM but more is needed. The diversions should be tidal pulsed daily for a proper operating system. When tides are receding, diversion should operate at designed flow, then the receding tide will draw water away from marches, i.e. diversion water will not flow towards the marshes. Receding flows are 10 or more times greater than diversion flows because of much larger outlets at the Gulf and is a generator of marsh-to-diversion flow direction. Transition time is needed where diversions are shut off before the end of tide-receding for purging of diversion open waters. When tide height is increasing diversions should remain shut and this prevents diversion waters from entering the marshes. Next diversions are open when tide starts receding. Marshes will have minimum diversion fresh water helping to save aquatic life. This design is called “Tidal Pulsing”.

Pumped Flow

A second design called “Pumped Flow” is pumped filtering systems sending Mississippi River silt and sand to marshes located close to Southeast Louisiana Bays and the Mississippi River, pumped diversion waters and fertilizes are sent back to the river. Fresh water returning to the river will save aquatic life brackish systems.

                                                             Tidal Pulsing

Independent of Tidal Pulsing 

Flow Diagram for Sediment Transfer 

from the Mississippi River to Local Marshes

Pumped flow, Heavy and light sediment to marshes

Mid-Barataria and Mid-Breton Projects are Major Mississippi River diversions and will wash-away downstream marshes and sixty-three times more nutrients will be sent into marshes as compared to existing known small diversion and plant root system will fail to support these marshes during hurricanes. Small diversions have washed-away marshes from hurricanes, and major systems like these should not be located too far north of Venice because many of their marshes will receive nutrients weakening their root systems keeping them from holding soil.

I have reviewed by phone with CPRA and CORPS experts, 42-square miles of marshes washed-away after the Caernarvon Diversion had delivered nutrients (inorganic phosphorous fertilizers into marshes). CPRA should not proceed with the Mid-Barataria and Brenton-Sound diversions without the open water and tide pulsing addition because the diversions will send sixty-three (63) times more nutrients into marshes as a multiplier of existing small diversion, approximately 2,500 square miles of marshes will be washed away for 40-60 years before they return to the past growth. Reference CPRA information: Fort St. Philips crevasse in 1960 washed away marshes and they are now returning.

Flow Diagram for Sediment Transfer from the Mississippi River to Marshes

Mississippi River silt transferred to marshes with removed Man-Made Fertilizer and removed Fresh Water is a concept that will save Louisiana marshes. Silt has attached clays and is necessary for marsh soil strength and has best holding strength for hurricanes. The concept will bring heavy sediment and a separate silt stream to Louisiana marshes using an 8-micron automatic continuous filter to send most of the water and man-made fertilizer back to the river. See SK-Test FX2 with river silt selection for growing marsh plants in a few acres or buckets, then measurement and testing of plant root dimensions/holding strength and measuring soil strength will provide data for proving the concept is correct.

Today's sediment transfers have very little silt because silt floats in river water but silt is needed for holding marshes together during hurricanes. Diversions deliver silt but man-made fertilizers in the diversions cause marsh wash-away of hundreds of square miles as shown in small existing diversions. Fresh water from large diversions will destroy $Billions worth of oyster beds and man-made fertilizers will destroy $Trillions worth of Louisiana marshes (2,500 square miles) for at least 40 -60 years and this concept will minimize these losses.

I am a graduate engineer from LSU (Instrument/Electrical) with refinery and chemical plant instrument experience, semi-retired and only a hobbyist for the subject.

I am a volunteer and hobbyist for SK-FLOW and SK-TESTFX2.
Process, Mechanical and Instrument drawings should be sized and sealed by a Professional Engineer. Equipment and Instrumentation should be sized, selected and sealed by a Professional Engineer.

One (1) or Five (5) Systems along a 30 mile stretch of Mississippi River below New Orleans.

Test System for growing a few acres of marshes. Plant root strength with holding to soil and soil strength can be tested.


1. 2018 The Mississippi River is Our Greatest Force for Building Land


5. There is More to Sediment than Sand

Mineral sediment is needed to build and sustain strong marsh soils that can withstand storm surge. Sand dredged from the river bottom can and is being used to restore wetlands, but only dredging this material is not enough. Only around 20 percent of the sediment that the river carries is sand, the rest is silt and clays, which stay in suspension, never settling onto the bottom where it could be sucked up by dredges…

2. 2019 NOLA article on Marsh Wash Away

Mississippi River diversions led to land loss, not growth, study says: Implications are 'obvious'

3. 2010 Abstract:

…Vegetation in low salinity marshes is subject to shallower rooting and is susceptible to erosion during large magnitude storms; these conditions may be exacerbated by low inorganic sediment content and high nutrient inputs…


Hurricane-induced failure of low salinity wetlands

Nick C. Howes,Duncan M. FitzGerald,Zoe J. Hughes,Ioannis Y. Georgiou,Mark A. Kulp,Michael D. Miner,Jane M. Smith, and John A. Barras  PNAS  August 10, 2010 107 (32) 14014-14019;

Full Text

...High concentrations of nutrients carried by the Mississippi and Atchafalaya rivers may also contribute to lower soil strength in areas receiving riverine input. Swarovski et al. (2008) concluded that river water input to freshwater marshes creates a more reducing soil environment, greater degradation of the root mat, and a weaker overall soil that is more susceptible to hurricanes; these observations are mirrored by our freshwater soil strength data in Breton Sound. Greater concentrations of nitrogen and phosphorus may also reduce the need of plant roots to forage deep into the substrate and thereby reduce the extent and depth of their rooting (15), a key factor in soil failure. Furthermore, Darby and Turner (2008) conclude that nitrogen and phosphorous loading increases above ground biomass. If true, this development would enhance wave shear stress due to greater vegetation related roughness lengths, while reducing the belowground soil reinforcement by roots. A number of reasons can be presented to account for differences in rooting depth (or strength) between different species, including stratigraphic or biogeochemical controls, in any site where regions of vegetation have differing rooting depths; however, the conceptual model will hold, and a disparity in soil strength would be expected...


Hurricane-induced failure of low salinity wetlands


Soil Physical properties

…What causes aggregates to form and what holds them together? Clay particles cohere to each other and adhere to larger particles under the conditions that prevail in most soils…


2008 Below- and Aboveground Biomass of Spartina alterniflora: Response to Nutrient Addition in a Louisiana Salt Marsh

… The addition of various combinations of nutrients had a significant affect on the belowground biomass indicating that the addition of P, not N, eased the need for root foraging activity…


ROBERT G. WETZEL, in Limnology (Third Edition), 2001

Fluvial Export

Nutrients in World Rivers: From Natural to Contemporary Loads

Nutrients are among the most sensitive river-borne material to human pressures. At the global scale nitrate, ammonia, and dissolved inorganic phosphorus concentrations in rivers are now commonly ranging over 2 orders of magnitude (Table 4), depending on natural control factors and on human pressures (fertilizers, urban and industrial wastes, and atmospheric deposition). It is very difficult to assess background nutrients levels in most of the rivers in the temperate regions, except in small-forested catchments where fertilizer use and wastewater inputs are limited….

Diammonium phosphate

… From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Diammonium phosphate (DAP) (chemical formula (NH4)2HPO4, IUPAC name diammonium hydrogen phosphate) is one of a series of water-soluble ammonium phosphate salts that can be produced when ammonia reacts with phosphoric acid. Solid diammonium phosphate shows a dissociation pressure of ammonia as given by the following expression and equation[2]

Video of Automated continuous self-cleaning filter

Coriolis meter

4. Sonar Level System

5. Hydrocyclones

Only Hydrocyclone which I could find that can select entire range of silt particle sizes

I have had minor discussions with Process Engineer Harry Ryans, Multotec Canada Business Development Manager, Tel: 778 658 6310, Cell: 778 228 1663, Email: [email protected]

Solids Separation Fundamentals

Page 52 “Staged separation of Hydrocyclones” does not seem to apply for this application?

Video of Operating Hydrocyclone with overflow, feed, and underflow

Small Diameter Hydrocyclone Performance on London Clay - Siltbuster Limited

For latest, my site:

Zero Wash-Away of Marshes in Louisiana (ZWOM)

Roll Down 70 % Part 3

Kenneth Ramagost

[email protected]

Ph. 225-716-2854

Video of Filter

Automated continuous self-cleaning filter Video

Coriolis meter


Marsh Improvement Proposal Concept

Mid-Barataria Diversion Project location with added large sediment catch 

basin, an example only, typical for diversions except two diversions 

near the river delta 

Note: Sediment catch basin may not need a concrete floor